Physical Therapy Techniques Types

Physical therapy techniques can vary depending on the medical condition of the patient.

Physical therapy techniques are grouped according to the dysfunctions being addressed.  The types of physical therapy techniques include aquatic therapy, post-surgery rehabilitation, orthotics and specialty rehabilitation areas.

Aquatic therapy is one of the physical therapy techniques which uses water resistance instead of the usual weights.  Its aim is for the rehabilitation of patients with injuries or chronic illnesses.  For patients with neurological or orthopedic dysfunctions, aquatic therapy allows for a faster recovery.  Water is a great help in decreasing swelling and increasing circulation, improving the ranges of motion and is quite helpful in providing resistance needed in strengthening weak muscles.

Among the various physical therapy techniques, post-surgery rehabilitation is for rotator cuff repair, ACL reconstruction, total knee replacement, total hip replacement, total shoulder replacement, knee arthroscopy and shoulder arthroscopy.  A rotator cuff repair fixes a torn tendon in the patient’s shoulder. For physical therapy patients with a degenerative hip ailment, total hip replacement is a good treatment option. Clearly, intervention for different problems is using different physical therapy techniques.

There are physical therapy techniques used in managing aches and pains.  One of them is orthotics which focus on heel pain, plantar fasciitis, shin splints, patellar (or kneecap) dysfunction and back, hip or knee pain.are It usually improves foot biomechanics.

There are also physical therapy techniques used for specialty rehabilitation areas such as lymphedema, accumulation of fluid which causes chronic swelling; strokes which can cause physical and neurological disabilities: pediatrics and making sure children achieve optimum functional independence levels; vestibular disorders which brings about dizziness and imbalance that goes with peripheral vestibular pathology; balance and fall prevention consists of the visual, vestibular and sensory components to ensure correct level of balance; TMJ pain in the temporomandibular joint, conditions related to pregnancy when a woman’s body undergoes drastic changes; osteoporosis and incontinence, losing control of your bladder.

There are a lot of physical therapy techniques which a physical therapist can use to help the conditions and ailments of their patients.  With the correct physical therapy care plan, there is no reason why a patient should not be able recover and enjoy the same quality of life they had before their injury or accident.

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