Physical therapists work with a wide range of medical issues with their patients. Depending on their patients’ medical condition, they use different physical therapy techniques to help their patients. These physical therapy techniques can be used alone or in combination geared to the patient’s fast and painless recovery.
Physical therapy techniques include those for short-term relief and those for long-term rehabilitation.
Physical therapists use short-term techniques to deal with, inflammation, pain and in preparation for a full rehabilitation program while they use long-term rehabilitation techniques to increase strength and motion.
Let’s discuss the two physical therapy techniques.
Physical therapy techniques for short-term relief include but not limited to ultrasound, hot packs, electro-stimulation, cryotherapy, traction and manual therapy while physical therapy techniques for long-term rehabilitation are actually physical therapy plans that include gait training, isometrics, isotonics, closed-chain and open-chain exercises.
Physical therapy techniques explained.
Ultrasound therapy helps a patient by reducing inflammation, relieving pain from and promoting health to joints and muscles; hot packs are applied heat and induces vasodilation that can reduce stiffness and help in improving circulation and blood flow around tissues and muscles; electrostimulation uses electrodes to block pain and stimulate the muscles and nerves; cryotherapy uses ice which leads to vasoconstriction and reduce swelling and pain associated with muscle spasm; traction reduces pains and also increase movement and comfort around the neck area; and manual therapy uses massage to manipulated the spine and mobilize muscles, joints and soft tissues.
Physical therapy techniques for long term rehabilitation plans are gait training and can also be learning how to walk properly after an injury or to prevent back pain; isometrics uses exercises that stimulate muscle contractions without muscle movement; isotonics exercises allows joints and muscles to move against light or strong resistance; closed-chain exercises works on and helps strengthen muscle groups and multiple joints, it can also be defined as exercises wherein the hand or foot does not move, with fixed positions or in contact with the wall or the floor; and open-chain exercises isolate a muscle group or a single joint and are exercises wherein the hand or foot are free to move and not in contact with the wall or the ground.
Assessing the patient’s condition accurately is the key to coming up with the most effective and efficient physical therapy techniques that can help the patient get well faster. With this in mind, it is very important to ask all the right questions on the initial visit of your physical therapy patients.